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Paul Garnier : A Series I Carriage Clock with Chaff-cutter Escapement

The eight-day duration movement strikes the hours and half hours on a bell and is fitted with a chaff-cutter escapement as patented by Garnier in 1829 for ten years. The backplate is stamped with the wording PG Brevete along with the serial number 1052 and signed Paul Garnier, Hgr du Roi, Paris.

The silvered dial has engine-turned engraved decoration, black Roman numerals, blued steel moon hands and is signed Paul Garnier, Hgr du Roi, Paris.

The gilt-brass one-piece case is typical of Garnier Series 1 as also seen used by others including Henri Jacot, with a lift-up front glass to facilitate the early form of winding through the dial. There is a repeat of the clock serial number, 1052, on the case below the front glass along with the case number 59.

The underside of the base is fitted with a typical Garnier wooden block with green covering, used to stabilise the clock prior to feet being fitted on later models.

The serial number would indicate a date of manufacture of circa 1837/38.

Although the movement shows no indication of the blanc roulant maker, research would indicate it being quite probable that it was made by Jean-Baptiste Holingue of Saint-Nicolas-d’Aliermont. His sons Louis and François Holingue were to make clocks for Garnier following the formation of their partnership in circa 1842.

Height: 14cm handle up: 12cm handle down.

Paul Garnier was born in 1801 and died in 1869. An associate of Janvier and a founder member of the Société de Horologers. Not by any means the inventor of the French carriage clock, but beyond question the man who first standardised and rationalised them. Paul Garnier received Silver Medals in the Paris Exhibitions of 1827, 1834 and 1839 for exhibits which included carriage clocks, and Gold Medals in 1844 and 1849, besides awards in provincial exhibitions. He was awarded a Medal of Honour in 1855. In 1860, in recognition of his many public services, Paul Garnier was named Chevalier de la Legion d’Honneur. Paul Garnier’s son succeeded him and died in 1917. Tripplin said in 1889 that Garnier had supplied railway station clocks throughout France “…ever since the beginning of the railway enterprise”. Paul Garnier signed himself variously: “Élevé de Janvier”, “Horologer de Roi”, “Horologer de la Marine” and Ingeur Mcien”. Paul Garner, the son, was still exhibiting carriage clocks in the Paris Exhibition of 1889.

Price: On Application

Ref: GM01

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